The birth of a baby should be an extraordinary time for a family. Welcoming a new member of a family should bring nothing but joy. But, for many families a birth injury turns a happy time into a family's worst nightmare. A birth injury can include any number of physical problems for an infant. They can include broken blood vessels, broken collarbones, facial nerve injuries or swelling of the face or head. More serious injuries -- including death -- can also occur.
In some cases, a family may never understand why a birth injury occurred. However, there are some common causes including problems with the mother or the baby. One common cause is the size of the baby. If the baby is too large a birth injury is more likely to occur. A birth injury can also occur if the baby is breach -- or not head down -- while in the birth canal.